South Coast Urology


The prostate is a small gland located below the bladder in men. It surrounds the urethra, the tube that carries urine from the bladder out of the body.

The prostate produces seminal fluid, which nourishes and transports sperm during ejaculation. The size and function of the prostate can change with age, and it is susceptible to various conditions that can affect urinary and sexual health in men.

Common Prostate Conditions:

  • Overview: BPH is a non-cancerous enlargement of the prostate gland, which can obstruct the flow of urine.
  • Causes: Age-related hormonal changes and an increase in the number of prostate cells.
  • Symptoms: Frequent urination, weak urine flow, difficulty starting and stopping urination, nocturia, incomplete bladder emptying.
  • Treatment: Watchful waiting, medications (alpha-blockers, 5-alpha-reductase inhibitors), minimally invasive procedures, surgery.
  • Overview: Prostatitis refers to inflammation or infection of the prostate gland, often caused by bacteria.
  • Causes: Bacterial infection, sometimes due to urinary tract infections or sexually transmitted infections.
  • Symptoms: Pelvic pain, pain or discomfort during urination, frequent urination, urgency, fever, chills.
  • Treatment: Antibiotics, pain relievers, alpha-blockers, anti-inflammatory medications, warm sitz baths, lifestyle modifications.
  • Overview: Prostate cancer is the development of malignant cells in the prostate gland.
  • Causes: The exact cause is unknown, but risk factors include age, family history, race, and certain genetic mutations.
  • Symptoms: Early stages may not cause symptoms. Later stages may present with urinary changes, erectile dysfunction, pelvic or back pain.
  • Treatment: Active surveillance, surgery, radiation therapy, hormone therapy, chemotherapy, immunotherapy, targeted therapy.
  • Overview: PSA testing measures levels of a protein called PSA in the blood to assess prostate health.
  • Uses: It can help detect prostate conditions such as BPH or prostate cancer.
  • Benefits and Considerations: PSA testing has limitations and can lead to false positives and overdiagnosis. Decision for testing should be based on individual factors and discussions with a healthcare professional.

It is important to note that this list covers some of the common prostate conditions, but there are other less common conditions as well. Additionally, each individual case can vary, and treatment options depend on various factors. Consultation with a healthcare professional is essential for accurate diagnosis and personalised treatment. Regular screenings and check-ups are important for prostate health, especially as men age.

All of our urologists have significant experience managing common prostate conditions and performing surgery for prostate disease. However, some of our specialists have longer waiting times than others due to their various sub-specialised areas of expertise in specific procedures, or their commitment to public practice. If you are unsure which specialists to see, or want to ensure the shortest waiting time, please contact us for a recommendation.

Our Urologists who specialise in Prostate conditions:

A/Prof Peter Chin



Dr Paul Kovac



Dr Rahul Rindani



Dr Helen Nicholson

BSc(Adv), MBBS(Hons), FRACS


Dr Minh Tran



Dr Rasha Gendy



Our team of specialist urologists provide leading care to patients across the Illawarra region. Experience and training you can rely on.

At South Coast Urology, we offer comprehensive, clinically excellent, multidisciplinary urological care. We run clinics in Wollongong, Shellharbour and Nowra and operate at leading private hospitals across the Illawarra.